Regulatory & Proprietary Land Reclamation
Public Estates Development & Management
We believe in building bridges between our nation’s vision and its fruition as well as between our government’s objectives and their realization.
We believe in integrating the PRA’s goals with relevant national economic development plans.
We believe in increasing our nation’s resources and accelerating its development for the benefit of future generations by creating new frontiers of land reclaimed from the sea.
We believe in molding the PRA into a cohesive organization whose personnel are consistently infused with esprit’d corps needed to sustain the PRA’s efforts to achieve its pioneering tasks.
We believe in forging ahead with zeal and dedication along the path of success.
For the success of the PRA’s mission, measured in the anvil of time is the success of our nation’s vision.
We are the lead government instrumentality mandated to regulate reclamation, create environmentally sustainable reclaimed land, promote coastal resilience, and develop government properties to advance the country's development goals.
In 2040, the Filipino people shall benefit from well-planned and environmentally resilient reclaimed lands and efficiently developed and managed public estates.
Professionalism and Team Work
Respect for the environment
Responsive to society’s needs
The Philippine Reclamation Authority (formerly Public Estates Authority), one of the Government’s most active development agencies, was created in 1977 by virtue of Presidential Decree 1084 to serve primarily as the clearinghouse for all reclamation projects in the country.
A government agency attached to the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), PRA performs both regulatory and proprietary functions. Its programs and projects are supportive of government’s thrust towards sustaining economic gains by generating local and foreign investments in large-scale reclamation and development projects.
PRA, which is mandated to be self-liquidating, has created assets for the Government by converting reclaimed lands into valuable and income-generating real estate properties, especially in its 1,500-hectare reclamation project in Manila Bay known as Bay City (formerly Boulevard 2000). Aside from this, PRA is involved in a wide range of projects and delivery of services related to land development and urban renewal, infrastructure projects as well as financing and construction of buildings for other government agencies.
Its charter vests PRA with the power and authority to develop and dispose idle public lands, to enter into contracts and loan agreements with private, public or foreign entities and to exercise the right to eminent domain in the name of the Republic of the Philippines.
The Office of the Solicitor General, the Office of the Government Corporate Counsel, the Department of Budget and Management and the Governance Commission for GOCCs provide PRA with the basic guidelines and parameters for its financial and organizational performance.
In the implementation of its mandate, PRA coordinates with other agencies and development authorities. Among such agencies are the National Economic and Development Authority, DENR, the Department of Public Works and Highways, the Department of Transportation and Communications, the Department of Finance, the Department of Science and Technology, the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority, and local government units.
Currently, the PRA is broadening studies and exploration on sources of land fill materials, consistently updating its engineers on the upgraded techniques of dredging and reclamation, and strengthening its force on the monitoring of reclamation and land development projects. It is also actively penalizing purveyors of unauthorized reclamation. These efforts assure that the institution adheres to the principles of environmental governance and sustainable development.
As for its disaster risk reduction initiatives, PRA also endeavors to establish coastal protection strategies in vulnerable areas nationwide. The Authority envisions putting up hard and soft engineering structures that are climate change adaptive and economically beneficial to communities with the objective of developing coastal protection measures to minimize the impacts caused by natural and man-made hazards. The initiative, piloted in Tacloban City and Palo, Leyte produced a comprehensive master plan crafted by international experts.
And, as it prepares itself for the greater demands of the ensuing years, PRA pledges to stick to the time-tested manner of serving the Filipino people – through utmost professionalism and transparency.
MANDATES AND LEGAL ISSUANCES
BACKGROUND AND PERTINENT LAWS
- Presidential Decree No. 1084 (PEA Charter) dated February 4, 1977
The Public Estates Authority was created to provide for a coordinated, economical and efficient reclamation of lands, and the administration and operation of lands belonging to, managed and/or operated by the Government, with the object of maximizing their utilization and hastening their development consistent with the public interest.
The Authority is hereby created for the following purposes:
- To reclaim land, including foreshore and submerge areas, by dredging, filling or other means, to acquire reclaimed land;
- To develop, improve, acquire, administer, deal in, sub-divide, dispose, lease and sell any and all kinds of lands, buildings, estates, and other forms of real property, owned, managed, controlled and/or operated by the Government; and
- To provide for, operate or administer such services as may be necessary for the efficient, economical and beneficial utilization of the above properties.
Powers and Function
The PEA was vested with both regulatory and proprietary powers/functions which include the following:
- To prescribe its By-Laws;
- To sue and be sued in its corporate name;
- To adopt and use a seal and alter it at its pleasure;
- To purchase, lease, build, alter, construct, erect, enlarge, occupy, manage, sell, mortgage, dispose of, or otherwise deal in, buildings of every kind and character whatsoever, whether belonging to, or to be acquired by the Authority;
- To construct, maintain and operate mains, pipes, machinery, water reservoirs, artesian wells as may be reasonably and necessarily required for the transaction of the lawful business of the Authority;
- To own or operate railroads, tramways and other kinds of land transportation, vessels and pipelines, power house, hotels, restaurants, terminals, warehouses and to manufacture, produce, purchase, sell, dispose, encumber or otherwise deal in, rolling stock, equipment, tools and other appliances; to construct and operate in connection with its railroad lines toll viaducts, toll bridges and toll tunnels;
- To construct, maintain and operate such systems of sanitary sewers as may be necessary for the proper sanitation of its areas of operation; to charge and collect such sums for constructions and rates for this service as may be determined by the Board to be equitable and just; and to process waste materials obtained in the sewers for fertilizing purposes;
- To construct, maintain and operate such storm drains as may be necessary;
- To hold lands of the public domain in excess of area permitted to private corporations by statute;
- To reclaim lands and to construct work across, or otherwise, any stream, watercourse, canal, ditch, flume, street, avenue, highway or railway of private or public ownership, as the location of said works may require, provided, that, said works be constructed in such a manner as not to endanger life or property or in a manner not to impair unnecessarily their usefulness. Every person or entity whose property is crossed or interested by said works shall not obstruct any such crossings or intersections and shall grant the Authority or its representatives, the proper authority for the execution of such work. The Authority is hereby given the right-of-way to locate, construct and maintain such works over and throughout the lands owned by the Republic of the Philippines or any of its branches and political subdivisions. The Authority or its representatives may also enter upon private property in the lawful performance or prosecution of its business and purposes; provided, that, the owner of such private property shall be indemnified for any actual damage caused thereby;
- To issue such regulations as may be necessary for the proper use by private parties of any or all of the highways, roads, utilities, buildings and/or any of its properties and to impose or collect fees or tolls for their use, provided that, all receipts by the Authority from fees, tolls and other charges are automatically appropriated for its use;
- To organize subsidiary companies to undertake any of the activities mentioned herein. The capital stock of such subsidiary companies shall be subscribed in whole or in part by the Authority.
- To enter into, make, perform and carry out contracts of every class and description, including loan agreements, mortgages and other types of security arrangements, necessary or incidental to the realization of its purposes with any person, firm or corporation, private or public, and with any foreign government or entity;
- To exercise the right of eminent domain in the name of the Republic of the Philippines, and in the acquisition of real estate by condemnation proceedings, the title to such real estate shall be taken in the name of the Republic of the Philippines, and thereupon, all such real estate shall be entrusted to the Authority as the agent of the Republic of the Philippines to accomplish the aims and purposes of this Decree;
- To perform such acts and exercise such functions as may be necessary for the attainment of the purposes and objectives herein specified;
- To promulgate such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out its purposes and to provide penalties for the violation thereof which penalties shall be a fine of not more than five hundred pesos or imprisonment for not more than six months, or both such fine and imprisonment in the discretion of the Court; and
- To perform such other functions as may be provided by law.
Presidential Decree No. 1085 dated February 4, 1977
Prior to PEA’s creation, a national government reclamation project along Roxas Boulevard was already existent. When the Construction and Development Corporation of the Philippines (CDCP, now Philippine National Construction Corporation) encountered financial difficulties, PEA was directed to assume ownership of some 348 hectares of reclaimed lands along Roxas Boulevard and to assume the loan obligations of CDCP.
This became the first major project of PEA and today, remains the flagship project and has evolved into a 2,340-hectare reclamation development project now called Bay City (formerly Boulevard 2000).
- Executive Order No. 525 dated February 14, 1979
Strengthened PEA’s role over reclamation projects by designating it as the agency responsible for integrating, coordinating, and directing all reclamation projects in behalf of the national government.
- Executive Order No. 654 dated February 26, 1981
Defined PEA’s functions related to infrastructure development and classified the agency under the Infrastructure and Utilities Group. It also mandated the PEA to operate on a self-liquidating basis. In the disposition of PEA’s assets and properties, the PEA shall have the authority to determine the kind and manner of payment for the transfer to any third party. All lands, buildings and other real properties of PEA were exempted from payment of real estate taxes.
- Republic Act No. 7160 or the Local Government Code dated January 1, 1992
Authorized the provinces and cities to fund and undertake reclamation projects to service the needs of their residents.
Withdrew the exemption from payment of real property taxes previously granted to or presently enjoyed by, all persons, whether natural or juridical, including GOCCs.
With the foregoing provision of the Local Government Code on the right of provinces and cities to reclaim, the Department of Justice issued the Opinion No. 93, S. 1993 dated July 26, 1993, opining that the extent of the authority granted to PEA under PD 1084 and EO 525, the special laws, has not been reduced with the subsequent enactment of the 1991 Local Government Code, a general law; that the authority of the local government units, specifically provinces and cities, to undertake reclamation projects is limited to those projects funded out of local funds.
- Executive Order No. 153 dated September 30, 1999
Authorized the PEA, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) and the Natural Resources Development Corporation (NRDC) to utilize areas not covered by approved mining permits/contracts and those with pending mining applications as borrow areas for dredgefill materials for reclamation projects. To implement this directive, the PEA and DENR jointly issued Administrative Order No. 2000-25 which took effect in May 2000.
- Executive Order No. 199 and Executive Order No. 329
By virtue of these two (2) Executive Orders, PEA was transferred from the Office of the President to DPWH, then DOF.
- Executive Order No. 380 dated October 26, 2004
Transformed the Public Estates Authority into the Philippine Reclamation Authority and transferring its non-reclamation assets/liabilities to the Department of Finance, and the management of the PEA-Tollway Corporation to the National Development Corporation.
The PRA shall perform all the powers and functions of the PEA relating to reclamation activities.
- Executive Order No. 380-A dated April 3, 2006
Clarifying Certain Provisions of Executive Order No. 380 dated October 26, 2004
The following are the pertinent provisions with respect to functions and assets of the Philippine Reclamation Authority:
PEA is hereby renamed the Philippine Reclamation Authority, and shall continue to perform the powers and functions of the PEA pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 1084 (PEA Charter) as amended under Executive Order No. 525 (EO 525) and Executive Order No. 654 (EO 654), including but not limited to the functions to reclaim land; to develop, manage and dispose of lands, buildings, estates and other forms of real property arising from reclamation; to provide, operate or administer infrastructure facilities and services on the above-mentioned reclaimed properties; and to authorize, through the rules of public bidding, reclamation projects by other entities.
The PEATC is hereby spun off as a separate corporation with its own management and supervision and shall continue to be recognized as a subsidiary of the PRA. The chairman and members of the Board of PEATC shall be appointed by the President of the Philippines and shall include some representatives of the PRA. PEATC shall remit to the PRA whatever dividends it may derive from its operations.
The PRA shall transfer to the National Government or to the appropriate government agency or corporation its non-reclamation assets.
- Executive Order No. 543 dated June 24, 2006 (This is now superceded by Executive Order No. 146 dated November 13, 2013)
Delegating to the Philippine Reclamation Authority the Power to Approve Reclamation Projects.
- Executive Order No. 586 dated December 8, 2006
PRA was transferred back to DPWH due to its role in the provision of infrastructures.
- Executive Order No. 629 dated June 21, 2007
Directing PRA to convert the Sangley Point, Cavite City into an International Logistics Hub with modern seaport and airport thru an enabling reclamation component.
- Executive Order No. 653 dated August 9, 2007
Clarifying the reclamation assets to be retained by PRA which shall include all its existing reclaimed lands, including all the horizontal and vertical improvements and buildings thereon and all non-reclamation assets that were acquired with funds from reclamation projects.
- Executive Order No. 672 dated October 19, 2007
Defining and clarifying the responsibilities of DENR and PRA in the approval and implementation of reclamation projects nationwide.
- Executive Order No. 798 dated May 14, 2009
PRA was transferred from Department of Public Works and Highways to the Department of Environment and Natural Resources
- Executive Order No. 146 dated November 13, 2013
Delegating to the National Economic and Development Authority Board the power of the President to approve reclamation projects.
PRA ADMINISTRATIVE ORDERS
- Administrative Order No. 2005-1
Providing rules and procedures for the special registration of unauthorized/illegal reclamation whether completed or incomplete reclamation projects with or without titles which were or being undertaken by private or government entities not authorized to reclaim under existing laws.
- Administrative Order No. 2007-2 dated January 31, 2007
Providing the Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR) of EO 543 delegating to the PRA the power to approve reclamation projects. This IRR shall apply to all reclamation and shall specify and enumerate the requirements and procedures for the approval of all reclamation projects nationwide. Also covered in this AO is flowchart of the approval process and issuance of reclamation permits for reclamation projects
- Administrative Order No. 2008-3
Providing rules and procedures for titling of completed unauthorized or illegal reclamation in the name of the Republic of the Philippines or PRA subject to reimbursement by the RP/PRA of the actual cost incurred in undertaking the reclamation.